EE Seminar

Wednesday August 16, 2017 3:00 PM

Reconstruction of Finite-Valued Sparse Signals

Speaker: Sandra Keiper, Technical University of Berlin
Location: Moore 239

The need of reconstructing discrete-valued sparse signals from few measurements, that is solving an undetermined system of linear equations, appears frequently in science and engineering. Those signals appear, for example, in error correcting codes as well as massive Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) channel and wideband spectrum sensing. A particular example is given by wireless communications, where the transmitted signals are sequences of bits, i.e., with entries in $\{0,1\}$. Whereas classical compressed sensing algorithms do not incorporate the additional knowledge of the discrete nature of the signal, classical lattice decoding approaches do not utilize sparsity constraints. In this talk, we present an approach that incorporates a discrete value's prior into basis pursuit. In particular, we address finite-valued sparse signals, i.e., sparse signals with entries in a finite alphabet. We will introduce an equivalent null space characterization and show that phase transition takes place earlier than when using the classical basis pursuit approach. We will further discuss robustness of the algorithm and show that the nonnegative case is very different from the bipolar one. One of our findings is that the positioning of the zero in the alphabet—i.e., whether it is a boundary element or not—is crucial.

Sandra Keiper is a PhD Candidate in the group of Prof. Gitta Kutyniok in the Department of Mathematics and Natural Sciences at the Technical University of Berlin, Germany.

Contact: Katie Pichotta pichotta@caltech.edu